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Authentic assessment in seafarer education: using literature review to investigate its validity and reliability through rubrics


Ghosh, S and Bowles, M and Ranmuthugala, D and Brooks, B, Authentic assessment in seafarer education: using literature review to investigate its validity and reliability through rubrics, WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs, 15, (2) pp. 317-336. ISSN 1651-436X (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright World Maritime University 2015

DOI: doi:10.1007/s13437-015-0094-0


With the Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping Convention 1995 (STCW95) moving seafarer training towards outcome-based education (OBE), emphasis has shifted to assessment practices that will allow seafarer students to demonstrate their ability to perform workplace tasks at standards described in the STCW Code. This paper argues that authentic assessment comprising of performance-based tasks applied in real-world and meaningful contexts can provide a holistic approach to competence assessment for seafarers. But, authentic assessment can capture essential aspects of workplace tasks and result in consistency of student performance in different contexts only if they are valid and reliable. Rubrics as assessment tools are known to increase validity and reliability of assessments; however, it can do so only if different aspects of its own validity and reliability have been addressed. A literature review undertaken for this paper has uncovered an absence of academic investigation and empirical study on the different aspects of validity and reliability of authentic assessment through assessment rubrics. Moreover, there exists an even greater absence of global research on authentic assessment in the area of seafarer training. Through an investigation of authentic assessment, this research has uncovered the importance of using valid and reliable rubrics in order to improve not only the assessment process but also the tools and methods used to support the valid, reliable, and authentic assessment of outcomes achieved in the learning process. Future research aims to offer insights into improving the validity and reliability of rubrics and to empirically investigate how they can be used in authentic assessment within the confines of the STCW Code, in particular, to improve seafarer training practices, student engagement, resulting learning outcomes, and employer and regulator satisfaction with the attainment of the standards stipulated in the STCW Code to produce an evidence of competence.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:authentic assessment, rubric, validity, reliability, seafarer education and training
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Maritime engineering
Research Field:Marine engineering
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Schools and learning environments
Objective Field:Management, resources and leadership
UTAS Author:Ghosh, S (Dr Samrat Ghosh)
UTAS Author:Bowles, M (Dr Marcus Bowles)
UTAS Author:Ranmuthugala, D (Professor Dev Ranmuthugala)
UTAS Author:Brooks, B (Associate Professor Benjamin Brooks)
ID Code:103588
Year Published:2015
Deposited By:Seafaring and Maritime Operations
Deposited On:2015-10-19
Last Modified:2016-08-16

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