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Making modelling count - increasing the contribution of shelf-seas community and ecosystem models to policy development and management

Citation

Hyder, K and Rossberg, AG and Allen, JI and Austen, MC and Barciela, RM and Bannister, HJ and Blackwell, PG and Blanchard, JL and Burrows, MT and Defriez, E and Dorrington, T and Edwards, KP and Garcia-Carreras, B and Heath, MR and Hembury, DJ and Heymans, JJ and Holt, J and Houle, JE and Jennings, S and Mackinson, S and Malcolm, SJ and McPike, R and Mee, L and Mills, DK and Montgomery, C and Pearson, D and Pinnegar, JK and Pollicino, M and Popova, EE and Rae, L and Rogers, SI and Speirs, D and Spence, MA and Thorpe, R and Turner, RK and van der Molen, J and Yool, A and Paterson, DM, Making modelling count - increasing the contribution of shelf-seas community and ecosystem models to policy development and management, Marine Policy, 61 pp. 291-302. ISSN 0308-597X (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2015.07.015

Abstract

Marine legislation is becoming more complex and marine ecosystem-based management is specified in national and regional legislative frameworks. Shelf-seas community and ecosystem models (hereafter termed ecosystem models) are central to the delivery of ecosystem-based management, but there is limited uptake and use of model products by decision makers in Europe and the UK in comparison with other countries. In this study, the challenges to the uptake and use of ecosystem models in support of marine environmental management are assessed using the UK capability as an example. The UK has a broad capability in marine ecosystem modelling, with at least 14 different models that support management, but few examples exist of ecosystem modelling that underpin policy or management decisions. To improve understanding of policy and management issues that can be addressed using ecosystem models, a workshop was convened that brought together advisors, assessors, biologists, social scientists, economists, modellers, statisticians, policy makers, and funders. Some policy requirements were identified that can be addressed without further model development including: attribution of environmental change to underlying drivers, integration of models and observations to develop more efficient monitoring programmes, assessment of indicator performance for different management goals, and the costs and benefit of legislation. Multi-model ensembles are being developed in cases where many models exist, but model structures are very diverse making a standardised approach of combining outputs a significant challenge, and there is a need for new methodologies for describing, analysing, and visualising uncertainties. A stronger link to social and economic systems is needed to increase the range of policy-related questions that can be addressed. It is also important to improve communication between policy and modelling communities so that there is a shared understanding of the strengths and limitations of ecosystem models.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:ecosystem models, fisheries management, marine policy and management, UK environmental assessment, management, and monitoring
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries Sciences
Research Field:Aquatic Ecosystem Studies and Stock Assessment
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Ecosystem Assessment and Management
Objective Field:Ecosystem Assessment and Management at Regional or Larger Scales
UTAS Author:Blanchard, JL (Dr Julia Blanchard)
ID Code:103268
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:28
Deposited By:Sustainable Marine Research Collaboration
Deposited On:2015-09-30
Last Modified:2017-11-04
Downloads:0

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