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The association between coral communities and disease assemblages in the Wakatobi Marine National Park, south-eastern Sulawesi, Indonesia

Citation

Haapkyla, J and Melbourne-Thomas, J and Flavell, M, The association between coral communities and disease assemblages in the Wakatobi Marine National Park, south-eastern Sulawesi, Indonesia, Marine and Freshwater Research, 66, (10) pp. 948-955. ISSN 1323-1650 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 CSIRO

DOI: doi:10.1071/MF14192

Abstract

The relationship between coral community structure and disease prevalence is poorly understood, particularly in the Coral Triangle. Improved understanding of this relationship will assist in identifying assemblages that might be particularly vulnerable to disease, and in predicting possible future impacts. Here, we report results from the last 2 years (2010 and 2011) of a 4-year coral disease-monitoring program (2005, 2007, 2010, 2011) in the Wakatobi Marine National Park (Indonesia), and evaluate changes in total disease prevalence and coral cover since 2005. A comparison with previously published results from 2005 and 2007 indicates that the number of coral diseases increased from two to eight and total disease prevalence tripled between 2005 and 2011. We observed a dramatic decline in coral cover and an increase in disease prevalence at a site with a unique community of foliose corals. However, because of the 3-year period between surveys (2007, 2010), it is likely that the peak of the disease event was not observed. While multi-year studies provide useful insights into the relationships between community structure and disease, our results emphasise how determining the drivers of change in remote reef locations is especially challenging if events such as disease outbreaks are missed.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:coral disease dynamics, disease drivers
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl. Marine Ichthyology)
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Ecosystem Assessment and Management
Objective Field:Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments
UTAS Author:Melbourne-Thomas, J (Dr Jessica Melbourne-Thomas)
ID Code:103255
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:CRC-Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems
Deposited On:2015-09-30
Last Modified:2017-11-06
Downloads:0

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