Is passive smoking exposure in early life a risk factor for future cardiovascular disease?
West, HW and Gall, SL and Juonala, M and Magnussen, CG, Is passive smoking exposure in early life a risk factor for future cardiovascular disease?, Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports, 9 Article 42. ISSN 1932-9520 (2015) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New York
Thanks to the foresight of researchers in the 1970s
and 1980s in establishing large cohorts of children to investigate
the origins of cardiovascular disease (CVD), we now
have the ability to understand the impact childhood smoking
exposure, among other pediatric exposures, has on later-life
cardiovascular (CV) health. The age of the participants in
these large prospective cohorts is still prohibitive in that researchers
can only consider pre-clinical markers of CV pathology.
Despite this, cohorts from multiple countries have reported
consistent findings concerning the adverse CV impact
childhood passive smoking exposure is having decades later.
Fortunately, we now have sufficient evidence as to the exact
mechanisms through which tobacco smoke causes CVD.With
a large proportion of the world’s children exposed to passive
smoking daily, especially in the as-yet unstudied developing
world, but with very few living in jurisdictions with effective
and enforced protective legislation, the time for public health
action is now.