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Effect of concentrate supplementation on nutrient digestibility and growth of Brahman crossbred cattle fed a basal diet of grass and rice straw


Quang, DV and Ba, NX and Doyle, PT and Hai, DV and Lane, PA and Malau-Aduli, AEO and Van, NH and Parsons, D, Effect of concentrate supplementation on nutrient digestibility and growth of Brahman crossbred cattle fed a basal diet of grass and rice straw, Journal of Animal Science and Technology, 57 Article 35. ISSN 2055-0391 (2015) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 Quang et al. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.1186/s40781-015-0068-y


Background: An experiment was conducted in Vietnam to test the hypothesis that total dry matter (DM) intake and liveweight (LW) gain would increase in a curvilinear manner with increasing amounts of concentrate offered.

Method: There were five treatments: a basal diet of Guinea grass fed at 1 % of LW and rice straw fed ad libitum (T0), or this diet supplemented with concentrate at 0.6 (T1), 1.2 (T2), 1.8 (T3), or 2.4 % of LW (T4). The concentrate comprised locally available ingredients, namely cassava chips, rice bran, crushed rice grain, fishmeal, salt, and urea, mixed manually.

Results: Concentrate intake increased from T0 to T3, but there was no difference in concentrate intake between T3 and T4. Total feed intake increased in a curvilinear manner from 4.0 to 6.4 kg DM/d as the quantity of concentrate consumed increased. The substitution of concentrate for grass and rice straw increased with increasing consumption of concentrate and was as high as 0.49 kg DM reduction per kg of concentrate consumed. LW gain increased curvilinearly, with significant differences between T0 (0.092 kg/d), T1 (0.58 kg/d) and T2 (0.79 kg/d); but there were no significant differences in LW gain between T2, T3 (0.83 kg/d) and T4 (0.94 kg/d).With increasing amount of concentrate in the diet, the digestibilities of dry matter, organic matter, crude protein, and crude fat increased, but NDF digestibility decreased.

Conclusion: Based on these results, young Vietnamese Brahman-cross growing cattle will respond to a locally-sourced concentrate mix offered at a level of up to 1.2 % of LW.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Brahman crossbreds, concentrate, supplementation, digestibility, rice straw
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Animal production
Research Field:Animal nutrition
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Livestock raising
Objective Field:Beef cattle
UTAS Author:Lane, PA (Associate Professor Peter Lane)
UTAS Author:Malau-Aduli, AEO (Associate Professor Aduli Malau-Aduli)
UTAS Author:Parsons, D (Dr David Parsons)
ID Code:103205
Year Published:2015
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2015-09-26
Last Modified:2016-05-09
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