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Transport of harmful marine microalgae via ship’s ballast water: management and mitigation with special reference to the Arabian Gulf region


Hallegraeff, GM, Transport of harmful marine microalgae via ship's ballast water: management and mitigation with special reference to the Arabian Gulf region, Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management, 18, (3) pp. 290-298. ISSN 1463-4988 (2015) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2015 AEHMS

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DOI: doi:10.1080/14634988.2015.1027138


The potential for transport of non-indigenous marine microalgae via ship's ballast water has been amply demonstrated, and nearly all known harmful algal bloom species have been documented in viable form from ship's ballast water. Ballast water uptake needs to be strongly discouraged during harmful algal bloom events. Efficacy of ballast water exchange in removing harmful microalgal cells is limited, since this nearly always leaves behind a viable inoculum. The precise location of ballast water exchange needs to be carefully chosen, and retention of dinoflagellate cysts and diatom spores in ballast tank sediments is of special concern. The only fully effective ballast water treatment for microalgae is the application of biocides, but heat treatment also offers considerable promise especially in subtropical and tropical waters. To manage harmful algal blooms, other key environmental drivers such as eutrophication and climate change also need to be addressed. Effective monitoring for harmful algal species and their toxins remains the critical tool to protect human health, fisheries, aquaculture and desalination industries. Challenges and opportunities for ballast water management in the Arabian Gulf region are discussed.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:ballast water management, Alexandrium, Cochlodinium, Noctiluca, ballast water exchange, ballast water heat treatment
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant biology
Research Field:Phycology (incl. marine grasses)
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - aquaculture
Objective Field:Fisheries - aquaculture not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Hallegraeff, GM (Professor Gustaaf Hallegraeff)
ID Code:103077
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:22
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2015-09-18
Last Modified:2017-11-01

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