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Plankton response to weakening of the Iberian coastal upwelling

Citation

Perez, FF and Padin, XA and Pazos, Y and Gilcoto, M and Cabanas, M and Pardo, PC and Doval, MA and Farina-Busto, L, Plankton response to weakening of the Iberian coastal upwelling, Global Change Biology, 16, (4) pp. 1258-1267. ISSN 1354-1013 (2010) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02125.x

Abstract

Coastal upwelling regions, which are affected by equatorward-wind variability, are among the most productive areas of the oceans. It has been suggested that global warming will lead to a general strengthening of coastal upwelling, with important ecological implications and an impact on fisheries. However, in the case of the Iberian upwelling, the long-term analysis of climatological variables described here reveals a weakening in coastal upwelling. This is linked to a decrease of zonal sea level pressure gradient, and correlated with an observed increase of sea surface temperature and North Atlantic Oscillation. Weakening of coastal upwelling has led to quantifiable modifications of the ecosystem. In outer shelf waters a drop in new production over the last 40 years is likely related to the reduction of sardine landings at local harbors. On the other hand, in inner shelf and Ria waters, the observed weakening of upwelling has slowed down the residual circulation that introduces nutrients to the euphotic layer, and has increased the stability of the water column. The drop in nutrient levels has been compensated by an increase of organic matter remineralization. The phytoplankton community has responded to those environmental trends with an increase in the percentage of dinoflagellates and Pseudonitzschia spp. and a reduction in total diatoms. The former favors the proliferation of harmful algal blooms and reduces the permitted harvesting period for the mussel aquaculture industry. The demise of the sardine fishery and the potential threat to the mussel culture could have serious socio-economic consequences for the region.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:climate change, coastal ecosystem, coastal upwelling, plankton succession
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Atmospheric Sciences
Research Field:Climate Change Processes
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Global Effects of Climate Change and Variability (excl. Australia, New Zealand, Antarctica and the South Pacific) (excl. Social Impacts)
UTAS Author:Pardo, PC (Dr Paula Conde Pardo)
ID Code:103050
Year Published:2010
Web of Science® Times Cited:64
Deposited By:CRC-Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems
Deposited On:2015-09-16
Last Modified:2015-10-12
Downloads:0

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