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Uraba lugens (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and its parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae): temperature, host size, and development

Citation

Allen, GR and Keller, MA, Uraba lugens (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and its parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae): temperature, host size, and development, Environmental Entomology, 20, (2) pp. 458-469. ISSN 0046-225X (1991) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1093/ee/20.2.458

Abstract

The relationship between temperature and development of Uraba lugens Walker and between temperature, host size, and development of its parasitoids, Cotesia urabae Austin and Allen and Dolichogenidea eucalypti Austin and Allen, were investigated. U. lugens underwent from 6 to 14 instars before pupation. The number of instars affected the allometry of head capsules. Females had more instars than males, and both sexes had more instars at lower temperatures. Thermal requirements for larval and pupal development of U. lugens differed between sexes; male larvae had lower temperature thresholds and male pupae higher temperature thresholds than females. Egg–larval rate of development of C. urabae after oviposition in small hosts was much slower than that after oviposition in midsize hosts and differed between sexes. Pupal development of C. urabae was faster for males than females. Egg–larval development of D. eucalypti after oviposition in small hosts was more rapid than that of C. urabae from small hosts, whereas pupal development of D. eucalypti was slightly longer than that of C. urabae. When D. eucalypti were reared at 15°C, some individuals pupated when predicted by degree-day summation, and others delayed emergence from the host by a further 120–182 d, indicating a physiological delay in development. Simulation of the phenologies of U. lugens, C. urabae, and D. eucalypti in the Adelaide region using thermal constants showed good fit between field-observed and predicted durations of life stages and confirmed the presence of a physiological delay in emergence of D. eucalypti in winter and during its second generation in summer.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Insecta, Uraba lugens, parasitoids, temperature
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Forestry Sciences
Research Field:Forestry Pests, Health and Diseases
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species
Objective Field:Control of Plant Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species in Forest and Woodlands Environments
Author:Allen, GR (Associate Professor Geoff Allen)
ID Code:102687
Year Published:1991
Web of Science® Times Cited:26
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2015-09-03
Last Modified:2015-09-03
Downloads:0

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