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Industry benefits from using genomic information in two- and three-tier sheep breeding systems

Citation

Horton, BJ and Banks, RG and van der Werf, JHJ, Industry benefits from using genomic information in two- and three-tier sheep breeding systems, Animal Production Science, 55, (4) pp. 437-446. ISSN 1836-0939 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

CSIRO 2015

DOI: doi:10.1071/AN13265

Abstract

A model of the sheep breeding industry with nucleus flocks, multiplier flocks and commercial sheep flocks was used to examine the value of genomic selection. The model reflected a dual-purpose Merino breeding objective, with genomic information improving selection accuracy by 39% for rams at 6 months of age and by 17% at 18 months. The current level of net dollar benefit to the sheep industry from selection, but without genomic testing, can be improved by 1014% for a closed three-tiered breeding structure with rams used at 18 months. If the rams are first used at 67 months then the dollar gains can be improved by 1517%, since genomic information can provide proportionately greater gains for young animals that have limited phenotypic information. In a two-tiered breeding system, with nucleus flocks selling rams direct to commercial producers, rather than through multiplier flocks, the dollar gains to industry from genomic testing increased to ~1213% for rams bred at 18 months, and 2022% if nucleus rams are used at 67 months. The optimal structure requires two-stage selection, with an initial selection based on information available without genomic testing, to limit the cost of testing to only the superior rams. However, the optimum proportion of rams tested depends on the system and the cost of testing. In order to recover the cost of genomic testing, the nucleus flocks must recover up to 5% of the extra genetic gain as extra profit from sale of rams to commercial sheep producers.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:genomics, sheep-breeding, economics
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Animal Production
Research Field:Animal Breeding
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Livestock Raising
Objective Field:Sheep - Wool
Author:Horton, BJ (Dr Brian Horton)
ID Code:102522
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2015-08-26
Last Modified:2017-11-07
Downloads:0

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