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The web-based osteoarthritis management resource my joint pain improves quality of care: A quasi-experimental study

Citation

Umapathy, H and Bennell, K and Dickson, C and Dobson, F and Fransen, M and Jones, G and Hunter, DJ, The web-based osteoarthritis management resource my joint pain improves quality of care: A quasi-experimental study, Journal of Medical Internet Research, 17, (7) Article e167. ISSN 1439-4456 (2015) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 The Authors. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org) Licenced under the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

DOI: doi:10.2196/jmir.4376

Abstract

Background: Despite the availability of evidence-based guidelines for conservative treatment of osteoarthritis (OA), management is often confined to the use of analgesics and waiting for eventual total joint replacement. This suggests a gap in knowledge for persons with OA regarding the many different treatments available to them.

Objective: Our objective was to evaluate outcomes after usage of a Web-based resource called My Joint Pain that contains tailored, evidence-based information and tools aimed to improve self-management of OA on self-management and change in knowledge.

Methods: A quasi-experimental design was used to evaluate the My Joint Pain website intervention over a 12-month period. The intervention provided participants with general and user-specific information, monthly assessments with validated instruments, and progress-tracking tools. A nationwide convenience sample of 195 participants with self-assessed hip and/or knee OA completed both baseline and 12-month questionnaires (users: n = 104; nonusers: n = 91). The primary outcome measure was the Health Evaluation Impact Questionnaire (heiQ) to evaluate 8 different domains (health-directed activity, positive and active engagement in life, emotional distress, self-monitoring and insight, constructive attitudes and approaches, skill and technique acquisition, social integration and support, health service navigation) and the secondary outcome measure was the 17-item Osteoarthritis Quality Indicator (OAQI) questionnaire to evaluate the change in appropriateness of care received by participants. Independent t tests were used to compare changes between groups for the heiQ and chi-square tests to identify changes within and between groups from baseline to 12 months for each OAQI item.

Results: Baseline demographics between groups were similar for gender (152/195, 77.9% female), age (mean 60, SD 9 years) and body mass index (mean 31.1, SD 6.8 kg/m2). With the exception of health service navigation, mean effect sizes from all other heiQ domains showed a positive trend for My Joint Pain users compared to the nonusers, although the differences between groups did not reach statistical significance. Within-group changes also showed improvements among the users of the My Joint Pain website for self-management (absolute change score=15%, P = .03), lifestyle (absolute change score=16%, P = .02), and physical activity (absolute change score = 11%, P = .04), with no significant improvements for the nonusers. Following 12 months of exposure to the website, there were significant improvements for users compared to nonusers in self-management (absolute change score 15% vs 2%, P=.001) and weight reduction (absolute change scores 3% vs –6%, P = .03) measured on the OAQI.

Conclusions: The My Joint Pain Web resource does not significantly improve overall heiQ, but does improve other important aspects of quality of care in people with hip and/or knee OA. Further work is required to improve engagement with the website and the quality of information delivered in order to provide a greater impact.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:quality of health care, self-care, osteoarthritis, eHealth, Internet
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Clinical Sciences
Research Field:Rheumatology and Arthritis
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Skeletal System and Disorders (incl. Arthritis)
Author:Jones, G (Professor Graeme Jones)
ID Code:102498
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:13
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2015-08-25
Last Modified:2017-11-03
Downloads:227 View Download Statistics

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