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El Niño, La Niña, and the Southern Oscillation

Citation

Graham, FS and Brown, JN, El Nino, La Nina, and the Southern Oscillation, Encyclopedia of Natural Resources, CRC Press Inc., Y Wang (ed), United States ISBN 9781439852583 (2014) [Other Book Chapter]


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DOI: doi:10.1081/E-ENRA-120047617

Abstract

El Niño-Southern Oscillation, ENSO, is a dominant mode of climate variability affecting the earth. Occurring every 2–7 years, ENSO arises due to air–sea interactions in the tropical Pacific Ocean and is marked by anomalously warm or cool sea-surface temperatures in the central-to-eastern equatorial Pacific. Warm events in the eastern equatorial Pacific are called El Niño events, and cool events are called La Niña events. Climate and weather phenomena associated with ENSO include floods, droughts, heat waves, and tropical cyclones, which can lead to effects on fisheries, agriculture, health, and air quality.

Item Details

Item Type:Other Book Chapter
Keywords:El Nino, La Nina, Southern Oscillation
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Physical Oceanography
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Climate Variability (excl. Social Impacts)
Author:Graham, FS (Dr Felicity McCormack)
ID Code:102462
Year Published:2014
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2015-08-21
Last Modified:2015-08-24
Downloads:4 View Download Statistics

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