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Independent Effects Of Airway Smooth Muscle Remodelling And Allergic Inflammation On Airway Responsiveness

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Wang, KC and Le Crass, TD and Zosky, GR and James, A and Noble, PB, Independent Effects Of Airway Smooth Muscle Remodelling And Allergic Inflammation On Airway Responsiveness, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 15-20 May, 2015, Denver, Colorado ISSN 1073-449X (2015) [Conference Extract]


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Abstract

Aim: Inflammatory and structural abnormalities of the airways are features of asthma, however their interrelationship is unclear. The present study determined the separate and combined effects of increased thickness of the airway smooth muscle (ASM) layer and allergic inflammation on airway responsiveness.

Methods: We combined an established protocol of induced allergic airway inflammation in a non-inflammatory mouse model of ASM remodelling. The latter was achieved by conditional expression of TGFα in the airway epithelium of Egr-1 deficient transgenic mice (Clara cell secretory protein-rtTA(+/-)/[tetO](7)-TGFα(+/-)) which produces thickening of the ASM layer following exposure to doxycycline in chow. Transgenic mice were sensitised to ovalbumin and assigned to one of four protocols: a single ovalbumin challenge (OVA group, n=5); 10d doxycycline and saline challenge (Dox group, n=7); combined doxycycline and OVA treatments (Dox/OVA group, n=7); saline challenge without exposure to doxycycline (Control group, n=6). Twenty four hours after challenge, airway responsiveness was assessed as the increase in airway resistance to methacholine measured by the forced oscillation technique.

Results: Compared with the control group, airway responsiveness to methacholine was increased in the OVA group (P=0.006), Dox group (P=0.035) and Dox/OVA group (P=0.005) but airway responsiveness in the Dox/OVA group was not significantly different from either the Dox (P=0.284) or OVA (P=0.154) groups. There was no significant difference in baseline airway resistance between groups.

Conclusion: Allergic inflammation does not enhance airway hyperresponsiveness produced by thickening of the ASM layer. These findings do not support a necessary causal relationship between allergic airway inflammation and remodelling which may instead be independent causes of variable and excessive airway narrowing.

Item Details

Item Type:Conference Extract
Keywords:asthma, airway smooth muscle, mouse model
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
Research Field:Respiratory Diseases
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Respiratory System and Diseases (incl. Asthma)
Author:Zosky, GR (Associate Professor Graeme Zosky)
ID Code:102379
Year Published:2015
Deposited By:Medicine (Discipline)
Deposited On:2015-08-17
Last Modified:2016-03-22
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