Allenby, A and Kinsman, LD and Tham, R and Symons, J and Jones, M and Campbell, S, The quality of cardiovascular disease prevention in rural primary care, Australian Journal of Rural Health, 24, (2) pp. 92-98. ISSN 1038-5282 (2015) [Refereed Article]
2015 The Authors Copyright 2015 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Objective: To measure the differences in the recording of risk factors and lifestyle advice between those at high risk of cardiovascular disease and those diagnosed with cardiovascular disease, and to identify the practice characteristics associated with such recording in rural primary care.
Design: A cross-sectional observation study of 14 general practices. Medical records were audited to measure recording of risk factors and lifestyle advice for those at high risk of and those diagnosed with cardiovascular disease. Practice characteristics were collected, with logistic regression used to test for an association with the recording of risk factors.
Setting: General practices in rural Australia. Participants: Each practice was asked to identify 20 patients; 10 at high risk and 10 diagnosed with cardiovascular disease.
Main outcome measures: The recording of risk factors and lifestyle advice in patient records and practice characteristics. Results: 282 records were audited with 142 being high risk and 140 diagnosed with cardiovascular disease.Measures recorded significantly less in the highrisk group were: blood pressure (94% versus 99%; P = 0.019); physical activity (24% versus 56%; P = 0.000); dietary advice (32% versus 51%; P = 0.001); and physical activity advice (34% versus 56%; P = 0.000). Recording of risk factors was positively associated with practice involvement in quality improvement (P < 0.001), continuing education (P < 0.001), and greater percentage of general practitioners (P < 0.05) and practice nurses (P < 0.001).
Conclusions: There is substantial room for enhanced cardiovascular disease prevention through rural primary care in Australia, particularly for high-risk patients. This study has demonstrated an association between practice factors (including targeted education, quality improvement activities and appropriate workforce) and improved preventive activities.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||cardiovascular risk factor, CVD Research, health service model, mode of care, primary health care|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Public Health and Health Services|
|Research Field:||Primary Health Care|
|Objective Group:||Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)|
|Objective Field:||Health Status (e.g. Indicators of Well-Being)|
|UTAS Author:||Kinsman, LD (Professor Leigh Kinsman)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||3|
|Deposited By:||Health Sciences|
|Downloads:||137 View Download Statistics|
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