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Species traits and climate velocity explain geographic range shifts in an ocean-warming hotspot


Sunday, JM and Pecl, GT and Frusher, S and Hobday, AJ and Hill, N and Holbrook, NJ and Edgar, GJ and Stuart-Smith, R and Barrett, N and Wernberg, T and Watson, RA and Smale, DA and Fulton, EA and Slawinski, D and Feng, M and Radford, BT and Thompson, PA and Bates, AE, Species traits and climate velocity explain geographic range shifts in an ocean-warming hotspot, Ecology Letters, 18, (9) pp. 944-953. ISSN 1461-0248 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd/CNRS

DOI: doi:10.1111/ele.12474


Speciesí ranges are shifting globally in response to climate warming, with substantial variability among taxa, even within regions. Relationships between range dynamics and intrinsic species traits may be particularly apparent in the ocean, where temperature more directly shapes speciesí distributions. Here, we test for a role of species traits and climate velocity in driving range extensions in the ocean-warming hotspot of southeast Australia. Climate velocity explained some variation in range shifts, however, including species traits more than doubled the variation explained. Swimming ability, omnivory and latitudinal range size all had positive relationships with range extension rate, supporting hypotheses that increased dispersal capacity and ecological generalism promote extensions. We find independent support for the hypothesis that species with narrow latitudinal ranges are limited by factors other than climate. Our findings suggest that small-ranging species are in double jeopardy, with limited ability to escape warming and greater intrinsic vulnerability to stochastic disturbances.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:range shifts, climate change, species traits, range extension, climate velocity, functional traits, climate response
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries Sciences
Research Field:Aquatic Ecosystem Studies and Stock Assessment
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Social Impacts of Climate Change and Variability
Author:Pecl, GT (Professor Gretta Pecl)
Author:Frusher, S (Professor Stewart Frusher)
Author:Hill, N (Dr Nicole Hill)
Author:Holbrook, NJ (Professor Neil Holbrook)
Author:Edgar, GJ (Professor Graham Edgar)
Author:Stuart-Smith, R (Dr Rick Stuart-Smith)
Author:Barrett, N (Associate Professor Neville Barrett)
Author:Watson, RA (Professor Reginald Watson)
Author:Fulton, EA (Dr Elizabeth Fulton)
Author:Bates, AE (Dr Amanda Bates)
ID Code:102057
Year Published:2015
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (DP140101377)
Web of Science® Times Cited:65
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2015-07-24
Last Modified:2018-02-16

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