Peacock, A and Droste, N and Pennay, A and Miller, P and Lubman, D and Bruno, R, Typology of alcohol mixed with energy drink consumers: motivations for use, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 39, (6) pp. 1083-1092. ISSN 0145-6008 (2015) [Refereed Article]
© 2015 by the Research Society on Alcoholism.
Methods: Data were used from an Australian community sample (n = 731) and an Australian university student sample (n = 594) who were identified as AmED consumers when completing an online survey about their alcohol and ED use. Participants reported their level of agreement with 14 motivations for AmED use; latent classes of AmED consumers were identified based on patterns of motivation endorsement using latent class analysis.
Results: A 4-class model was selected using data from the community sample: (i) taste consumers (31%): endorsed pleasurable taste; (ii) energy-seeking consumers (24%): endorsed functional and taste motives; (iii) hedonistic consumers (33%): endorse pleasure and sensation-seeking motives, as well as functional and taste motives; and (iv) intoxication-related consumers (12%): endorsed motives related to feeling in control of intoxication, as well as hedonistic, functional, and taste motives. The consumer subgroups typically did not differ on demographics, other drug use, alcohol and ED use, and AmED risk taking. The patterns of motivations for the 4-class model were similar for the university student sample.
Conclusions: This study indicated the existence of 4 subgroups of AmED consumers based on their patterns of motivations for AmED use consistently structured across the community and university student sample. These findings lend support to the growing conceptualization of AmED consumers as a heterogeneous group in regard to motivations for use, with a hierarchical and cumulative class order in regard to the number of types of motivation for AmED use. Prospective research may endeavor to link session-specific motives and outcomes, as it is apparent that primary consumption motives may be fluid between sessions.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||alcohol, caffeine, energy drink, latent class analysis, motive, risk|
|Research Division:||Psychology and Cognitive Sciences|
|Research Field:||Psychology not elsewhere classified|
|Objective Group:||Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)|
|Objective Field:||Substance Abuse|
|Author:||Peacock, A (Miss Amy Peacock)|
|Author:||Bruno, R (Associate Professor Raimondo Bruno)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||8|
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