Campbell, G and Bruno, R and Darke, S and Degenhardt, L, Associations of borderline personality with pain, problems with medications and suicidality in a community sample of chronic non-cancer pain patients prescribed opioids for pain, General Hospital Psychiatry, 37, (5) pp. 434-440. ISSN 0163-8343 (2015) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2015 Elsevier Inc
Methods: Data from a national sample of 978 CNCP patients prescribed pharmaceutical opioids for CNCP. The screener from the International Classification of Diseases, version 10, International Personality Disorder Examination was used to identify patients with symptoms of BPD.
Results: One in five CNCP patients (19.1%) screened positive for BPD. BPD was associated with a number of demographic and clinical features, such as daily benzodiazepine use, and was independently associated with lifetime pharmaceutical opioid dependence [odds ratio (OR) 2.49, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.42-4.38], past 12-month suicidal thoughts (OR 2.9, 95% CI 1.90-4.39) and lifetime suicide attempts (OR 3.19, 95% CI 2.16-4.72).
Conclusions: BPD symptoms were prevalent among people prescribed opioids for CNCP and are associated with a number of adverse consequences. Further, those screening positive were at elevated risk of suicidal behaviors. Careful opioid prescription monitoring and appropriate referrals by clinicians are warranted in BPD with CNCP.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||borderline personality disorder, chronic pain, opioids, dependence, suicidality|
|Research Division:||Psychology and Cognitive Sciences|
|Research Field:||Psychology not elsewhere classified|
|Objective Group:||Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)|
|Objective Field:||Substance Abuse|
|Author:||Bruno, R (Associate Professor Raimondo Bruno)|
|Funding Support:||National Health and Medical Research Council (APP1022522)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||5|
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