Palmer, AJ and Si, L and Gordon, JM and Saul, T and Otahal, P and Hitchens, PL, Investigating the costs of major and minor cycling crashes in Tasmania, Australia, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 39, (5) pp. 485-490. ISSN 1753-6405 (2015) [Refereed Article]
© 2015 Public Health Association of Australia
Objective: A pilot study to estimate the societal costs of cycling crashes in Tasmania.
Methods: A telephone-based questionnaire collected information on demographics, cycling habits and details of major and minor crashes. Costs were estimated from medical resource consumption, lost work and leisure time.
Results: The survey was completed by 136 cyclists. Participants reported 59 major crashes in five years preceding the interview and 27 minor crashes in 12 months. Mean (standard deviation) costs/major crash were $12,499 ($14,301), including direct medical costs $2,569 ($4,523), direct non-medical costs $372 ($728), indirect costs of $6,027 ($10,092) and costs of lost leisure time $3,531 ($7,062). Costs/minor crashes were $632 ($795), including direct non-medical costs of $225 ($601), productivity losses of $117 ($210) and costs of lost leisure time $290 (622). Total annual costs of major cycling crashes in Tasmania were $4,239,097 ($4,850,255).
Conclusions: Indirect costs and costs due to lost leisure time are major contributors to the total societal costs. The comprehensive quantification of costs of crashes will inform decision makers formulating policies that improve the safety of cyclists leading to reductions in the economic burden on society.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||Australia, Tasmania, accidents, costs, cycling|
|Research Group:||Applied Economics|
|Research Field:||Health Economics|
|Objective Group:||Health and Support Services|
|Objective Field:||Health Policy Economic Outcomes|
|UTAS Author:||Palmer, AJ (Professor Andrew Palmer)|
|UTAS Author:||Si, L (Mr Lei Si)|
|UTAS Author:||Gordon, JM (Mr Jay Gordon)|
|UTAS Author:||Saul, T (Mr Tim Saul)|
|UTAS Author:||Otahal, P (Mr Petr Otahal)|
|UTAS Author:||Hitchens, PL (Ms Peta Hitchens)|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
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