eCite Digital Repository

Inflammatory cytokines in general and central obesity and modulating effects of physical activity


Schmidt, FM and Weschenfelder, J and Sander, C and Minkwitz, J and Thormann, J and Chittka, T and Mergl, R and Kirkby, KC and Fasshauer, M and Stumvoll, M and Holdt, LM and Teupser, D and Hegerl, U and Himmerich, H, Inflammatory cytokines in general and central obesity and modulating effects of physical activity, PLoS One, 10, (3) Article e0121971. ISSN 1932-6203 (2015) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Licensed under Creative Commons

DOI: doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0121971


Context: Chronic systemic inflammation in obesity originates from local immune responses in visceral adipose tissue. However, assessment of a broad range of inflammation-mediating cytokines and their relationship to physical activity and adipometrics has scarcely been reported to date.

Objective: To characterize the profile of a broad range of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and the impact of physical activity and energy expenditure in individuals with general obesity, central obesity, and non-obese subjects.

Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional study comprising 117 obese patients (body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30) and 83 non-obese community-based volunteers.

Main Outcomes Measures: Serum levels of interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, IL-12, IL-13, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), interferon (IFN)-γ and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were measured. Physical activity and energy expenditure (MET) were assessed with actigraphy. Adipometrics comprised BMI, weight, abdominal-, waist- and hip-circumference, waist to hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height-ratio (WHtR).

Results: General obesity was associated with significantly elevated levels of IL-5, IL-10, IL-12, IL-13, IFN-γ and TNF-α, central obesity with significantly elevated IL-5, IL-10, IL-12, IL-13 and IFN-γ-levels. In participants with general obesity, levels of IL-4, IL-10 and IL-13 were significantly elevated in participants with low physical activity, even when controlled for BMI which was negatively associated with physical acitivity. Cytokines significantly correlated with adipometrics, particularly in obese participants.

Conclusions: Results confirm up-regulation of certain pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in obesity. In obese subjects, physical activity may lower levels and thus reduce pro-inflammatory effects of cytokines that may link obesity, insulin resistance and diabetes.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Sports science and exercise
Research Field:Exercise physiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Kirkby, KC (Professor Kenneth Kirkby)
ID Code:101761
Year Published:2015
Deposited By:Medicine
Deposited On:2015-07-07
Last Modified:2017-10-31
Downloads:313 View Download Statistics

Repository Staff Only: item control page