Bostock, EC and Kirkby, KC and Garry, MI and Taylor, BVM, Comparison of precipitating factors for mania and partial seizures: Indicative of shared pathophysiology?, Journal of Affective Disorders, 183 pp. 57-67. ISSN 0165-0327 (2015) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V.
Objectives: Mania in bipolar disorder (BD) and partial (focal) seizures (PS) arising from the temporal lobes, have a number of similarities. Typically, a chronic course of the disorders is punctuated by acute illness episodes. Common features of episodes may include sensory, perceptual, cognitive and affective changes. Both respond to anticonvulsant treatment. Common mechanisms imputed include neurotransmitters and kindling processes. Further investigation may improve understanding of the occurrence of both mania and PS, casting light on the relevance of temporal lobe mediated processes and pathology. One avenue of investigation is to compare aetiological factors and determine the extent of overlap which may indicate shared brain localization or pathophysiology. Aetiology includes predisposing, precipitating or perpetuating factors. This paper examines the literature on precipitating factors of mania, first or subsequent episode, and of PS in diagnosed epilepsy, which is the second or subsequent seizure, to identify the extent and nature of their overlap.
Method: Narrative review based on a literature search of PubMed and Google Scholar.
Results: Precipitating factors for both mania and PS were stress, sleep deprivation, antidepressant medication and, tentatively, emotion. For mania alone, goal-attainment events, spring and summer season, postpartum, and drugs include steroids and stimulants. For PS alone, winter season, menstruation and specific triggers in complex reflex epilepsies. Those not substantiated include lunar phase and menopause. A wide range of chemicals may provoke isolated seizures but by definition epilepsy requires at least two seizures.
Conclusions: The overlap of precipitating factors in mania and PS imply that common brain processes may contribute to both, consistent with findings from neuroscience research.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||bipolar disorder, epilepsy, mania, partial seizures, precipitating factor, temporal lobe|
|Research Division:||Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Health services and systems|
|Research Field:||Mental health services|
|Objective Group:||Public health (excl. specific population health)|
|Objective Field:||Behaviour and health|
|UTAS Author:||Bostock, EC (Dr Emmanuelle Bostock)|
|UTAS Author:||Kirkby, KC (Professor Kenneth Kirkby)|
|UTAS Author:||Garry, MI (Associate Professor Michael Garry)|
|UTAS Author:||Taylor, BVM (Professor Bruce Taylor)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||9|
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