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Depth distribution of the amoebic gill disease agent, Neoparamoeba perurans, in salmon sea-cages


Wright, DW and Nowak, BF and Oppedal, F and Bridle, AR and Dempster, T, Depth distribution of the amoebic gill disease agent, Neoparamoeba perurans, in salmon sea-cages, Aquaculture Environment Interactions, 7, (1) pp. 67-74. ISSN 1869-215X (2015) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 The Authors Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0)

DOI: doi:10.3354/aei00137


Identifying where and when parasites occur in farming environments is vital to understand transmission dynamics and develop preventative measures that reduce host-parasite encounters. A major parasite concern for Atlantic salmon farming is Neoparamoeba perurans, a marine amoeba causing the potentially fatal Amoebic Gill Disease (AGD), for which few control options exist. We explored whether free-living N. perurans abundance differs among depths in commercial Atlantic salmon sea-cages. Water samples from the surface to 10 m depth at multiple cage sites and times, collected by a Niskin bottle and subjected to qPCR analysis, revealed N. perurans abundance was influenced by depth at the time of year when amoeba numbers were highest, with more amoebae in surface waters. No distinct depth patterns were observed when amoebae were in low abundance. Across all times, temperature and salinity were largely homogenous throughout cage depths. Possible factors explaining the presence of amoebae at the surface are discussed. Our results suggest excluding caged salmon from upper cage depths where N. perurans is more abundant could be an effective management strategy to reduce the speed at which initial infections occur and delay the development of AGD outbreaks. 

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:AGD, amoeba, salmon
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries sciences
Research Field:Aquaculture
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - aquaculture
Objective Field:Fisheries - aquaculture not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Nowak, BF (Professor Barbara Nowak)
UTAS Author:Bridle, AR (Associate Professor Andrew Bridle)
ID Code:101672
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:23
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2015-06-30
Last Modified:2017-11-04
Downloads:350 View Download Statistics

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