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Measuring the vulnerability of marine social-ecological systems: a prerequisite for the identification of climate change adaptations

Citation

Metcalf, SJ and van Putten, EI and Frusher, S and Marshall, NA and Tull, M and Caputi, N and Haward, M and Hobday, AJ and Holbrook, NJ and Jennings, SM and Pecl, GT and Shaw, J, Measuring the vulnerability of marine social-ecological systems: a prerequisite for the identification of climate change adaptations, Ecology and Society, 20, (2) Article 35. ISSN 1708-3087 (2015) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 The Authors

DOI: doi:10.5751/ES-07509-200235

Abstract

Reducing the vulnerability of coastal communities to marine climate change requires that communities have some intrinsic capacity to adapt. To assist adaptation planning and the implementation of adaptation strategies, identifying barriers and enablers to adaptation is important. Adaptive capacity, resource dependence, local climate change exposure and biological sensitivity were used to assess socioeconomic vulnerability to climate change in three Australian coastal communities: St Helens, Tasmania; Bowen, Queensland; and Geraldton, Western Australia. Higher adaptive capacity was associated with larger population size (i.e., Geraldton) whereas greater resource dependence, and lower human and natural capital were associated with smaller populations (St Helens and Bowen). Socioeconomic vulnerability was greatly influenced by climate exposure and sensitivity with the moderately sized Bowen having the highest socioeconomic vulnerability to climate change. Adaptation strategies that utilized available assets, improved adaptive capacity, or reduced socioeconomic vulnerability were identified in partnership with local communities, including increased and diversified employment opportunities, the re-establishment of local fish markets, and improved education and communication. The level of resources, or "capitals," available to communities can indicate where barriers and enablers to adaptation exist. Identified barriers to adaptation included a heavy reliance on one sector for employment and a lack of physical capital. We demonstrate that knowledge of intrinsic community characteristics can be beneficial for prioritizing adaptation actions to reduce socioeconomic vulnerability to marine climate change.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:climate adaptation, resilience, fisheries, adaptive capacity, coastal communities, resource dependency, social-ecological
Research Division:Studies in Human Society
Research Group:Policy and Administration
Research Field:Public Policy
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge through Studies of Human Society
Author:van Putten, EI (Dr Ingrid Van Putten)
Author:Frusher, S (Professor Stewart Frusher)
Author:Haward, M (Professor Marcus Haward)
Author:Hobday, AJ (Dr Alistair Hobday)
Author:Holbrook, NJ (Professor Neil Holbrook)
Author:Jennings, SM (Dr Sarah Jennings)
Author:Pecl, GT (Professor Gretta Pecl)
ID Code:101618
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:15
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2015-06-26
Last Modified:2017-11-27
Downloads:270 View Download Statistics

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