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Monosaccharide/proton symporter AtSTP1 plays a major role in uptake and response of Arabidopsis seeds and seedlings to sugars


Sherson, SM and Hemmann, G and Wallace, G and Forbes, S and Germain, V and Stadler, R and Bechtold, N and Sauer, N and Smith, SM, Monosaccharide/proton symporter AtSTP1 plays a major role in uptake and response of Arabidopsis seeds and seedlings to sugars, The Plant Journal, 24, (6) pp. 849-857. ISSN 0960-7412 (2000) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2000 Blackwell Science Ltd

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1365-313X.2000.00935.x


The aim of this study was to investigate the in vivo properties and function of the high-affinity monosaccharide/proton symporter AtSTP1 of Arabidopsis. We isolated an Atstp1 knock-out mutant and found that this plant grows and develops normally. The AtSTP1 gene is expressed in germinating seeds and seedlings, with AtSTP1 activity found mainly in the seedling root. The rate of uptake of [14C]-3-O-methylglucose and [14C]-D-glucose is 60% less in Atstp1 seedlings than in the wild type, showing that AtSTP1 is the major monosaccharide transporter in Arabidopsis seedlings. Transport of D-galactose and D-mannose is also up to 60% less in Atstp1 seedlings compared to wild type, but transport of D-fructose, L-arabinose and sucrose is not reduced. Germination of Atstp1 seed shows reduced sensitivity to D-mannose, demonstrating that AtSTP1 is active before germination. Atstp1 seedlings grow effectively on concentrations of D-galactose that inhibit wild-type growth, even at up to 100 mM D-galactose, indicating that active transport by AtSTP1 plays a major role at very high concentrations of exogenous sugar. These findings provide insight into the physiological function of AtSTP1 and clearly establish its importance in the uptake of extracellular sugars by the embryo and in seedlings.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:monosaccharide transporter, mutant, sugar response, germination, seedling growth, Arabidopsis thaliana
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant biology
Research Field:Plant physiology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences
UTAS Author:Smith, SM (Professor Steven Smith)
ID Code:101558
Year Published:2000
Web of Science® Times Cited:85
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2015-06-25
Last Modified:2015-09-21

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