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F-box protein MAX2 has dual roles in karrikin and strigolactone signaling in Arabidopsis thaliana


Nelson, DC and Scaffidi, A and Dun, EA and Waters, MT and Flematti, GR and Dixon, KW and Beveridge, CA and Ghisalberti, EL and Smith, SM, F-box protein MAX2 has dual roles in karrikin and strigolactone signaling in Arabidopsis thaliana, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of The United States of America., 108, (21) pp. 8897-8902. ISSN 0027-8424 (2011) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2015 National Academy of Sciences.

DOI: doi:10.1073/pnas.1100987108


Smoke is an important abiotic cue for plant regeneration in postfire landscapes. Karrikins are a class of compounds discovered in smoke that promote seed germination and influence early development of many plants by an unknown mechanism. A genetic screen for karrikin-insensitive mutants in Arabidopsis thaliana revealed that karrikin signaling requires the F-box protein MAX2, which also mediates responses to the structurally-related strigolactone family of phytohormones. Karrikins and the synthetic strigolactone GR24 trigger similar effects on seed germination, seedling photomorphogenesis, and expression of a small set of genes during these developmental stages. Karrikins also repress MAX4 and IAA1 transcripts, which show negative feedback regulation by strigolactone. We demonstrate that all of these common responses are abolished in max2 mutants. Unlike strigolactones, however, karrikins do not inhibit shoot branching in Arabidopsis or pea, indicating that plants can distinguish between these signals. These results suggest that a MAX2-dependent signal transduction mechanism was adapted to mediate responses to two chemical cues with distinct roles in plant ecology and development.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:smoke, Arabidopsis thaliana, smoke, karrikins, seed germination, F-box protein MAX2, phytohormones, strigolactones, signalling
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant biology
Research Field:Plant physiology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences
UTAS Author:Smith, SM (Professor Steven Smith)
ID Code:101466
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:301
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2015-06-24
Last Modified:2017-11-02

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