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Karrikin and cyanohydrin smoke signals provide clues to new endogenous plant signaling compounds


Flematti, GR and Waters, MT and Scaffidi, A and Merritt, DJ and Ghisalberti, EL and Dixon, KW and Smith, SM, Karrikin and cyanohydrin smoke signals provide clues to new endogenous plant signaling compounds, Molecular Plant, 6, (1) pp. 29-37. ISSN 1674-2052 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 The Author

DOI: doi:10.1093/mp/sss132


Two new types of signaling compounds have been discovered in wildfire smoke due to their ability to stimulate seed germination. The first discovered were karrikins, which share some structural similarity with the strigolactone class of plant hormones, and both signal through a common F-box protein. However, karrikins and strigolactones operate through otherwise distinct signaling pathways, each distinguished by a specific α/β hydrolase protein. Genetic analysis suggests that plants contain endogenous compounds that signal specifically through the karrikin pathway. The other active compounds discovered in smoke are cyanohydrins that release germination-stimulating cyanide upon hydrolysis. Cyanohydrins occur widely in plants and have a role in defense against other organisms, but an additional role in endogenous cyanide signaling should also now be considered.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:fire, smoke, karrikins, strigolactones, cyanohydrins, cyanide, seed germination, Arabidopsis thaliana
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant biology
Research Field:Plant physiology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences
UTAS Author:Smith, SM (Professor Steven Smith)
ID Code:101440
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:77
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2015-06-24
Last Modified:2017-11-01

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