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Chromatin remodeler mutations in human cancers: epigenetic implications

Citation

Skulte, KA and Phan, L and Clark, SJ and Taberlay, PC, Chromatin remodeler mutations in human cancers: epigenetic implications, Epigenomics, 6, (4) pp. 397-414. ISSN 1750-1911 (2014) [Substantial Review]


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DOI: doi:10.2217/epi.14.37

Abstract

Chromatin remodeler complexes exhibit the ability to alter nucleosome composition and positions, with seemingly divergent roles in the regulation of chromatin architecture and gene expression. The outcome is directed by subunit variation and interactions with accessory factors. Recent studies have revealed that subunits of chromatin remodelers display an unexpectedly high mutation rate and/or are inactivated in a number of cancers. Consequently, a repertoire of epigenetic processes are likely to be affected, including interactions with histone modifying factors, as well as the ability to precisely modulate nucleosome positions, DNA methylation patterns and potentially, higher-order genome structure. However, the true significance of chromatin remodeler genetic aberrations in promoting a cascade of epigenetic changes, particularly during initiation and progression of cancer, remains largely unknown.

Item Details

Item Type:Substantial Review
Keywords:chromatin remodellers, genetic mutations, DNA methylation, histone modifications, nucleosome positions
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Genetics
Research Field:Epigenetics (incl. Genome Methylation and Epigenomics)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Cancer and Related Disorders
Author:Taberlay, PC (Dr Phillippa Taberlay)
ID Code:101259
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:10
Deposited By:Medicine (Discipline)
Deposited On:2015-06-15
Last Modified:2015-07-03
Downloads:0

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