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Zinc Transporters, Mechanisms of Action and Therapeutic Utility: Implications for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Citation

Myers, SA and Nield, A and Myers, M, Zinc Transporters, Mechanisms of Action and Therapeutic Utility: Implications for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism pp. 1-13. ISSN 1526-484X (2012) [Substantial Review]


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DOI: doi:10.1155/2012/173712

Abstract

Zinc is an essential trace element that plays a vital role in maintaining many biological processes and cellular homeostasis. Dysfunctional zinc signaling is associated with a number of chronic disease states including cancer, cardiovascular disease, Alzheimerís disease, and diabetes. Cellular homeostasis requires mechanisms that tightly control the uptake, storage, and distribution of zinc. This is achieved through the coordinated actions of zinc transporters and metallothioneins. Evidence on the role of these proteins in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is now emerging. Zinc plays a key role in the synthesis, secretion and action of insulin in both physiological and pathophysiological states. Moreover, recent studies highlight zincís dynamic role as a "cellular second messenger" in the control of insulin signaling and glucose homeostasis. This suggests that zinc plays an unidentified role as a novel second messenger that augments insulin activity. This previously unexplored concept would raise a whole new area of research into the pathophysiology of insulin resistance and introduce a new class of drug target with utility for diabetes pharmacotherapy

Item Details

Item Type:Substantial Review
Keywords:Zinc, insulin resistance, diabetes
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Research Field:Receptors and Membrane Biology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Diabetes
Author:Myers, SA (Dr Stephen Myers)
ID Code:101162
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:10
Deposited By:Health Sciences B
Deposited On:2015-06-11
Last Modified:2015-07-03
Downloads:0

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