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Nr4a1 siRNA Expression Attenuates αMSH Regulated Gene Expression in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes


Wang, S-CM and Myers, SA and Eriksson, NA and Fitzsimmons, RL and Muscat, GEO, Nr4a1 siRNA Expression Attenuates αMSH Regulated Gene Expression in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes, Molecular Endocrinology, 25, (2) pp. 291-306. ISSN 0888-8809 (2011) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2011 The Endocrine Society

DOI: doi:10.1210/me.2010-0231


Several recent investigations have underscored the growing role of melanocortin signaling in the peripheral regulation of lipid, glucose, and energy homeostasis. In addition, the melanocortins play a critical role in the central control of satiety. These observations, and the latest reports highlighting the emerging role of the nuclear hormone receptor (NR) 4A subgroup in metabolism, have prompted us to investigate the cross talk between [Nle4, D-Phe7] (NDP)-MSH and Nr4a signaling in adipose. We have shown that NDP-MSH strikingly and preferentially induces the expression of the NR4A subgroup (but not any other members of the NR superfamily) in differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Utilization of quantitative PCR on custom-designed metabolic Taq- Man low-density arrays identified the concomitant and marked induction of the mRNAs encoding Il-6, Cox2, Pdk4, and Pck-1 after NDP-MSH treatment. Similar experiments demonstrated that the mRNA expression profile induced by cAMP and NDP-MSH treatment displayed unique but also overlapping properties and suggested that melanocortin-mediated induction of gene expression involves cAMP-dependent and -independent signaling. Nr4a1/Nur77 small interfering RNA (siRNA) expression suppressed NDP-MSH-mediated induction of Nr4a1/Nur77 and Nr4a3/Nor-1 (but not Nr4a2/Nurr1). Moreover, expression of the siRNA-attenuated NDP-MSH mediated induction of the mRNAs encoding Il-6, Cox2/Ptgs2, and Pck-1 expression. In addition, Nur77 siRNA expression attenuated NDP-MSH-mediated glucose uptake. In vivo, ip administration of NDP-MSH to C57 BL/6J (male) mice significantly induced the expression of the mRNA encoding Nur77 and increased IL-6, Cox2, Pck1, and Pdk4 mRNA expression in (inguinal) adipose tissue. We conclude that Nur77 expression is necessary for MSH-mediated induction of gene expression in differentiated adipocytes. Furthermore, this study demonstrates cross talk betweenMSHand Nr4a signaling in adipocytes.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Nuclear receptors; Diabetes
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Biochemistry and cell biology
Research Field:Cell metabolism
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Myers, SA (Dr Stephen Myers)
ID Code:101154
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:17
Deposited By:Health Sciences B
Deposited On:2015-06-11
Last Modified:2022-08-23

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