eCite Digital Repository

Spatial Variability and Application of Ratios between BTEX in Two Canadian Cities

Citation

Miller, L and Xu, X and Wheeler, A and Atari, DO and Grgicak-Mannion, A and Luginaah, I, Spatial Variability and Application of Ratios between BTEX in Two Canadian Cities, The Scientific World Journal, 11 pp. 2536-2549. ISSN 1537-744X (2011) [Refereed Article]


Preview
PDF
3Mb
  

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2011 Lindsay Miller et al. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

DOI: doi:10.1100/2011/167973

Abstract

Spatial monitoring campaigns of volatile organic compounds were carried out in two similarly sized urban industrial cities, Windsor and Sarnia, ON, Canada. For Windsor, data were obtained for all four seasons at approximately 50 sites in each season (winter, spring, summer, and fall) over a three-year period (2004, 2005, and 2006) for a total of 12 sampling sessions. Sampling in Sarnia took place at 37 monitoring sites in fall 2005. In both cities, passive sampling was done using 3M 3500 organic vapor samplers. This paper characterizes benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, o, and (m + p)-xylene (BTEX) concentrations and relationships among BTEX species in the two cities during the fall sampling periods. BTEX concentration levels and rank order among the species were similar between the two cities. In Sarnia, the relationships between the BTEX species varied depending on location. Correlation analysis between land use and concentration ratios showed a strong influence from local industries. Use one of the ratios between the BTEX species to diagnose photochemical age may be biased due to point source emissions, for example, 53 tonnes of benzene and 86 tonnes of toluene in Sarnia. However, considering multiple ratios leads to better conclusions regarding photochemical aging. Ratios obtained in the sampling campaigns showed significant deviation from those obtained at central monitoring stations, with less difference in the (m + p)/E ratio but better overall agreement in Windsor than in Sarnia.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:volatile organic compounds, BTEX, inter-species ratios, photochemical age, spatial variability
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Environmental Health
Author:Wheeler, A (Dr Amanda Wheeler)
ID Code:101120
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:30
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2015-06-10
Last Modified:2017-11-03
Downloads:119 View Download Statistics

Repository Staff Only: item control page