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Inflammation, coagulation, endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress in prediabetes - Biomarkers as a possible tool for early disease detection for rural screening

Citation

Maschirow, L and Khalaf, K and Al-Aubaidy, HA and Jelinek, HF, Inflammation, coagulation, endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress in prediabetes - Biomarkers as a possible tool for early disease detection for rural screening, Clinical Biochemistry, 48, (9) pp. 581-585. ISSN 0009-9120 (2015) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 The Authors Licenced under the CC BY-NC-ND license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2015.02.015

Abstract

Objectives: This study aims to increase understanding of the connection between oxidative stress and inflammation in diabetes disease progression to provide a basis for investigating improved diagnostic possibilities, treatment and prevention of prediabetes.

Design and methods: Differences in the level of biochemical markers of oxidative stress (erythrocyte GSH/GSSG and urinary 8-isoprostane), inflammation (CRP, IL-6), endothelial dysfunction (plasma homocysteine, urinary 8-hydroxy-2-deoxy-guanosine) and coagulation/fibrinolysis (C5a, D-Dimer) were determined in prediabetes and control subjects.

Results: While no difference was found in the 8-isoprostane levels between the two groups, the erythrocyte GSH/GSSG ratio was significantly reduced in the prediabetes group compared to control, indicating increased oxidative stress in the prediabetic state. Both urinary 8-OHdG and surprisingly also plasma homocysteine were significantly elevated in the prediabetes group, indicating endothelial dysfunction. The inflammation markers were slightly elevated in the prediabetic subjects and the same trend was found for the coagulation/fibrinolysis markers C5a and D-Dimer. These results were however not significant.

Conclusions: The small elevation of blood glucose levels in the prediabetic state may have a detectable influence on endothelial function as indicated by changes to 8-OHdG, indicating an increased DNA-damage and homocysteine release from endothelial cells. Increased oxidative stress as indicated by the reduced GSH/GSSG ratio is likely to be the link between the moderate hyperglycaemia in prediabetes and pathological changes in endothelial function, which in the long-term may promote atherogenesis and result in the development of cardiovascular disease. Early detection of prediabetes is essential to avoid diabetes development and the associated complications like cardiovascular disease. The GSH/GSSG ratio and biomarkers like urinary 8-OHdG and plasma homocysteine offer a possible tool for the assessment of prediabetes in prevention screenings.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:prediabetes, oxidative stress, inflammation, coagulation, endothelial dysfunction
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Medical Biochemistry and Metabolomics
Research Field:Medical Biochemistry: Carbohydrates
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Diabetes
Author:Al-Aubaidy, HA (Dr Hayder Al-Aubaidy)
ID Code:101083
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:21
Deposited By:Medicine (Discipline)
Deposited On:2015-06-10
Last Modified:2017-11-06
Downloads:173 View Download Statistics

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