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The New Frontier: Country Brands and their Legal Status under Australian Trade Mark Law


Forrest, HA, The New Frontier: Country Brands and their Legal Status under Australian Trade Mark Law, Australian Intellectual Property Journal, 20 pp. 127-147. ISSN 1038-1635 (2015) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2015 Australian Intellectual Property Journal

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This article asks two inter-related but separate questions: first, whether a country name can on its own be a brand; and second, whether Australian law recognises and protects private property rights in so-called "country brands" as trade marks. In order to answer the former, the broad concept of a brand must first be explored in an analysis of representative views from the perspective of each broad group involved in the branded environment. These are then evaluated against the notion of the country brand. Having determined that the relevant question is not whether but how country brands achieve legal status through recognition as trade marks, the criteria for registration of a trade mark are then discussed. These criteria are applied to country brands along with a consideration of other related legal issues faced by applicants of trade marks constituting country names. The relatively few registered trade marks solely constituting country names without other accompanying words or images on the Australian register support a conclusion that although registration is now possible, significant obstacles remain.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Law and Legal Studies
Research Group:Private law and civil obligations
Research Field:Intellectual property law
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in law and legal studies
UTAS Author:Forrest, HA (Associate Professor Heather Forrest)
ID Code:100928
Year Published:2015
Deposited By:Faculty of Law
Deposited On:2015-06-03
Last Modified:2016-02-25

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