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The Relationship between Averaged Sulfate Exposures and Concentrations: Results from Exposure Assessment Panel Studies in Four U.S. Cities

Citation

Sarnat, JA and Brown, KW and Bartell, SM and Sarnat, SE and Wheeler, AJ and Suh, HH and Koutrakis, P, The Relationship between Averaged Sulfate Exposures and Concentrations: Results from Exposure Assessment Panel Studies in Four U.S. Cities, Environmental Science and Technology (Washington), 43 pp. 5028-5034. ISSN 0013-936X (2009) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2009 American Chemical Society

DOI: doi:10.1021/es900419n

Abstract

his analysis examines differences between measured ambient indoor, and personal sulfate concentrations across cities, seasons, and individuals to elucidate how these differences may impact PM2.5 exposure measurement error. Data were analyzed from four panel studies conducted in Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, and Steubenville (OH). Among the study locations, 1912 person-days of personal sulfate data were collected over 396 days involving 245 individual sampling sessions. Long-term differences in ambient and personal levels averaged over time are examined. Differences between averaged ambient and personal sulfate among and within cities were observed, driven by between subject and city differences in sulfate infiltration, F(inf), from outdoors to indoors. Neglecting this source of variability in associations may introduce bias in studies examining long-term exposures and chronic health. Indoor sulfate was highly correlated with and similar in magnitude to personal sulfate, suggesting indoor PM monitoring may be another means of characterizing true exposure variability.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:air quality, personal exposure, particulate matter
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Environmental Health
Author:Wheeler, AJ (Dr Amanda Wheeler)
ID Code:100890
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:11
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2015-06-02
Last Modified:2015-09-15
Downloads:0

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