Dales, R and Wheeler, AJ and Mahmud, M and Frescura, A-M and Liu, L, The Influence of Neighborhood Roadways on Respiratory Symptoms Among Elementary Schoolchildren, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 51, (6) pp. 654-660. ISSN 1076-2752 (2009) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2009 by American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
METHODS: We administered a questionnaire to Windsor school children. Exposure to roadways was defined as the total length of roadways within a 200 meter radius around the postal code of each household calculated using geographic information systems.
RESULTS: The adjusted odds ratios comparing the highest to the lowest exposure (roadway density) quintiles, were statistically significant for wheeze 1.23 (95% CI: 1.07 to 1.41) (P = 0.0041) and wheeze with dyspnea 1.27 (95% CI: 1.05 to 1.52) (P = 0.0125). Expressed as a continuous variable roadway density was associated with asthma, odds ratio 1.08 (95% CI: 1.012 to 1.149) equivalent to an 8% relative increase in the odds of asthma for an interquartile increase (0.6 km) in roadway density.
CONCLUSIONS: Residential traffic appears to adversely influence respiratory health.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||air quality, respiratory health, children|
|Research Division:||Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services|
|Research Group:||Human resources and industrial relations|
|Research Field:||Occupational and workplace health and safety|
|Objective Group:||Public health (excl. specific population health)|
|Objective Field:||Public health (excl. specific population health) not elsewhere classified|
|UTAS Author:||Wheeler, AJ (Dr Amanda Wheeler)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||34|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
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