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The Influence of Neighborhood Roadways on Respiratory Symptoms Among Elementary Schoolchildren

Citation

Dales, R and Wheeler, AJ and Mahmud, M and Frescura, A-M and Liu, L, The Influence of Neighborhood Roadways on Respiratory Symptoms Among Elementary Schoolchildren, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 51, (6) pp. 654-660. ISSN 1076-2752 (2009) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2009 by American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

DOI: doi:10.1097/JOM.0b013e3181a0363c

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the respiratory health effects of living near roadways.

METHODS: We administered a questionnaire to Windsor school children. Exposure to roadways was defined as the total length of roadways within a 200 meter radius around the postal code of each household calculated using geographic information systems.

RESULTS: The adjusted odds ratios comparing the highest to the lowest exposure (roadway density) quintiles, were statistically significant for wheeze 1.23 (95% CI: 1.07 to 1.41) (P = 0.0041) and wheeze with dyspnea 1.27 (95% CI: 1.05 to 1.52) (P = 0.0125). Expressed as a continuous variable roadway density was associated with asthma, odds ratio 1.08 (95% CI: 1.012 to 1.149) equivalent to an 8% relative increase in the odds of asthma for an interquartile increase (0.6 km) in roadway density.

CONCLUSIONS: Residential traffic appears to adversely influence respiratory health.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:air quality, respiratory health, children
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Environmental Health
Author:Wheeler, AJ (Dr Amanda Wheeler)
ID Code:100889
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:30
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2015-06-02
Last Modified:2015-09-14
Downloads:0

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