A scripted activity study of the impact of protective advice on personal exposure to ultra-fine and fine particulate matter and volatile organic compounds
Stieb, DM and Evans, GJ and Sabaliauskas, K and Chen, L and Campbell, ME and Wheeler, AJ and Brook, JR and Guay, M, A scripted activity study of the impact of protective advice on personal exposure to ultra-fine and fine particulate matter and volatile organic compounds, Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology pp. 1-8. ISSN 1559-0631 (2007) [Refereed Article]
We evaluated the impact on personal exposure to air pollutants of following advice which typically accompanies air quality advisories and indices. Scripts prescribed the time, location, duration and nature of activities intended to simulate daily activity patterns for adults and children. Scripts were paired such that one individual would proceed with usual activities (base scenario), whereas the other (intervention scenario) would alter activities as if following advice. Other than commuting, where the intervention group walked or used public transportation rather than riding in personal vehicles, this group generally spent less time outdoors. Ultra-fine particles (UFPs), particulate matter of median aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 mm (PM2.5) and total volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were measured using samplers carried by individuals during the course of daily activities. During daytime activities (e.g., work, daycare) constituting the largest share of sampling time (approximately 6 h per day), the intervention group experienced a 14% reduction in exposure to UFPs (P¼0.01), a 21% reduction in exposure to PM2.5 (P¼0.08), and an 86% increase in exposure to VOCs (P¼0.02). Other findings included an 89% increase in exposure to UFPs (P¼0.02) and a threefold increase in exposure to VOCs (P¼0.08) in the intervention group during evening cooking. Following smog advisory advice results in reduced exposures to some pollutants, while at the same time increasing exposure to others. Advice needs to be refined giving consideration to overallpe rsonalex posure.
personal exposure, air quality, particulate matter, UFP