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Differential effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 on microvascular recruitment and glucose metabolism in short- and long-term insulin resistance

Citation

Sjoberg, KA and Rattigan, S and Jeppesen, JF and Lundsgaard, A-M and Holst, JJ and Kiens, B, Differential effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 on microvascular recruitment and glucose metabolism in short- and long-term insulin resistance, Journal of Physiology, 593, (9) pp. 2185-2198. ISSN 0022-3751 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 The Authors Copyright 2015 The Physiological Society

DOI: doi:10.1113/JP270129

Abstract

Key points:

  • Acute glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) infusion reversed the high fat diet-induced microvascular insulin resistance that occurred after both 5 days and 8 weeks of a high fat diet intervention.
  • When GLP-1 was co-infused with insulin it had overt effects on whole body insulin sensitivity as well as insulin-mediated skeletal muscle glucose uptake after 5 days of a high fat diet, but not after 8 weeks of high fat diet intervention.
  • Acute GLP-1 infusion did not have an additive effect to that of insulin on microvascular recruitment or skeletal muscle glucose uptake in the control group.
  • Here we demonstrate that GLP-1 potently increases the microvascular recruitment in rat skeletal muscle but does not increase glucose uptake in the fasting state. Thus, like insulin, GLP-1 increased the microvascular recruitment but unlike insulin, GLP-1 had no direct effect on skeletal muscle glucose uptake.

Abstract: Acute infusion of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) has potent effects on blood flow distribution through the microcirculation in healthy humans and rats. A high fat diet induces impairments in insulin-mediated microvascular recruitment (MVR) and muscle glucose uptake, and here we examined whether this could be reversed by GLP-1. Using contrast-enhanced ultrasound, microvascular recruitment was assessed by continuous real-time imaging of gas-filled microbubbles in the microcirculation after acute (5 days) and prolonged (8 weeks) high fat diet (HF)-induced insulin resistance in rats. A euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemic clamp (3 mU min−1 kg−1), with or without a co-infusion of GLP-1 (100 pmol l−1), was performed in anaesthetized rats. Consumption of HF attenuated the insulin-mediated MVR in both 5 day and 8 week HF interventions which was associated with a 50% reduction in insulin-mediated glucose uptake compared to controls. Acute administration of GLP-1 restored the normal microvascular response by increasing the MVR after both 5 days and 8 weeks of HF intervention (P < 0.05). This effect of GLP-1 was associated with a restoration of both whole body insulin sensitivity and increased insulin-mediated glucose uptake in skeletal muscle by 90% (P < 0.05) after 5 days of HF but not after 8 weeks of HF. The present study demonstrates that GLP-1 increases MVR in rat skeletal muscle and can reverse early stages of high fat diet-induced insulin resistance in vivo.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Clinical Sciences
Research Field:Endocrinology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Diabetes
Author:Rattigan, S (Professor Stephen Rattigan)
ID Code:100702
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:7
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2015-05-26
Last Modified:2016-02-16
Downloads:0

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