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Role of off-shelf to on-shelf transitions for East Antarctic sea ice dynamics during spring 2003

Citation

Heil, P and Massom, RA and Allison, I and Worby, AP and Lytle, VI, Role of off-shelf to on-shelf transitions for East Antarctic sea ice dynamics during spring 2003, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, (C9) pp. 1-20. ISSN 0148-0227 (2009) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2009 American Geophysical Union

DOI: doi:10.1029/2008JC004873

Abstract

[1] During austral spring 2003, mesoscale sea ice drift and deformation off East Antarctica were investigated using in situ data from a nine-buoy array. Upon deployment, the array comprised an area of about 4000 km2 with a mean ice concentration of 96%. Half-hourly sea ice velocities were coherent across all buoys at zonal (meridional) separations of less than 160 km (70 km). Regional cross-spectral correlation was high at synoptic scales and also at semidiurnal periods off the continental shelf. Atmospheric synoptic-scale forcing explained in excess of 85% of the ice drift variability. This is significantly more than found in the Weddell Sea, where significant ice drift variability is derived from oceanic forcing. Peak frequencies of semidiurnal contributions covaried with latitude and are largely associated with the inertial response. Over the continental shelf, coincident diurnal and semidiurnal variances in ice motion arose from tidal forcing. Net divergence over 37 days resulted in an expansion to 270% of the initial area, although regional ice concentration reduced only slightly. High-frequency processes, namely inertial response and to a lesser degree tidal forcing, dominated the variability of all deformation parameters. In contrast to ice motion, low-frequency processes played a secondary role in sea ice deformation. This high-frequency dominance is similar to what has been found in the Weddell Sea, although many observations there were limited to the continental shelf, where tidal processes dominate. Sea ice motion and deformation were not affected by a seasonal transition, nor did the regional ice characteristics show any signal of seasonal change. Instead, local ice dynamics were strongly influenced by bathymetrically dependent processes.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Antarctic sea ice, high frequency ice drift variability, inertial oscillation
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Physical Oceanography
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Other Environment
Objective Field:Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Oceanography
Author:Heil, P (Dr Petra Heil)
Author:Massom, RA (Dr Robert Massom)
Author:Allison, I (Dr Ian Allison)
Author:Worby, AP (Professor Anthony Worby)
Author:Lytle, VI (Dr Victoria Lytle)
ID Code:100645
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:6
Deposited By:CRC-Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems
Deposited On:2015-05-22
Last Modified:2015-08-20
Downloads:229 View Download Statistics

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