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Potential consequences of climate change for primary production and fish production in large marine ecosystems

Citation

Blanchard, JL and Jennings, S and Holmes, R and Harle, J and Merino, G and Allen, JI and Holt, J and Dulvey, NK and Barange, M, Potential consequences of climate change for primary production and fish production in large marine ecosystems, Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions. Biological Sciences, 367 pp. 2979-2989. ISSN 0962-8436 (2012) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 The Royal Society

DOI: doi:10.1098/rstb.2012.0231

Abstract

Existing methods to predict the effects of climate change on the biomass and production of marine communities are predicated on modelling the interactions and dynamics of individual species, a very challenging approach when interactions and distributions are changing and little is known about the ecological mechanisms driving the responses of many species. An informative parallel approach is to develop size-based methods. These capture the properties of food webs that describe energy flux and production at a particular size, independent of species’ ecology. We couple a physical–biogeochemical model with a dynamic, size-based food web model to predict the future effects of climate change on fish biomass and production in 11 large regional shelf seas, with and without fishing effects. Changes in potential fish production are shown to most strongly mirror changes in phytoplankton production. We project declines of 30–60% in potential fish production across some important areas of tropical shelf and upwelling seas, most notably in the eastern Indo-Pacific, the northern Humboldt and the North Canary Current. Conversely, in some areas of the high latitude shelf seas, the production of pelagic predators was projected to increase by 28–89%.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:climate change, fisheries, marine ecosystems
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Other Biological Sciences
Research Field:Global Change Biology
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Global Effects of Climate Change and Variability (excl. Australia, New Zealand, Antarctica and the South Pacific) (excl. Social Impacts)
Author:Blanchard, JL (Dr Julia Blanchard)
ID Code:100485
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:97
Deposited By:Sustainable Marine Research Collaboration
Deposited On:2015-05-18
Last Modified:2015-09-03
Downloads:0

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