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A roadmap for Antarctic and Southern Ocean science for the next two decades and beyond

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Kennicutt, MC and Chown, SL and Cassano, JJ and Liggett, D and Massom, R and Peck, LS and Rintoul, SR and Storey, J and Vaughan, DG and Wilson, TJ and Sutherland, W and Allison, I and Ayton, J and Badhe, R and Baeseman, J and Barrett, PJ and Bell, RE and Bertler, N and Bo, S and Brandt, A and Bromwich, D and Cary, SC and Clark, MS and Convey, P and Costa, ES and Cowan, D and DeConto, R and Dunbar, R and Elfring, C and Escutia, C and Francis, J and Fricker, HA and Fukuchi, M and Gilbert, N and Gutt, J and Havermans, C and Hik, D and Hosie, G and Jones, C and Kim, YD and Le Maho, Y and Lee, SH and Leppe, M and Leichenkov, G and Li, X and Lipenkov, V and Lochte, K and Lopez-Martinez, J and Ludecke, C and Lyons, W and Marenssi, S and Miller, H and Morozova, P and Naish, T and Nayak, S and Ravindra, R and Retamales, J and Ricci, CA and Rogan-Finnemore, M and Ropert-Coudert, Y and Samah, AA and Sanson, L and Scambos, T and Schloss, IR and Shiraishi, K and Siegert, MJ and Simoes, JC and Sparrow, MD and Storey, B and Wall, DH and Walsh, JC and Wilson, G and Winther, JG and Xavier, JC and Yang, H and Sutherland, WJ, A roadmap for Antarctic and Southern Ocean science for the next two decades and beyond, Antarctic Science, 27, (1) pp. 3-18. ISSN 0954-1020 (2015) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright 2015 Antarctic Science Licenced under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

DOI: doi:10.1017/S0954102014000674

Abstract

Antarctic and Southern Ocean science is vital to understanding natural variability, the processes that govern global change and the role of humans in the Earth and climate system. The potential for new knowledge to be gained from future Antarctic science is substantial. Therefore, the international Antarctic community came together to ‘scan the horizon’ to identify the highest priority scientific questions that researchers should aspire to answer in the next two decades and beyond. Wide consultation was a fundamental principle for the development of a collective, international view of the most important future directions in Antarctic science. From the many possibilities, the horizon scan identified 80 key scientific questions through structured debate, discussion, revision and voting. Questions were clustered into seven topics: i)Antarctic atmosphere and global connections, ii) Southern Ocean and sea ice in a warming world, iii) ice sheet and sea level, iv) the dynamic Earth, v) life on the precipice, vi) near-Earth space and beyond, and vii) human presence in Antarctica. Answering the questions identified by the horizon scan will require innovative experimental designs, novel applications of technology, invention of next-generation field and laboratory approaches, and expanded observing systems and networks. Unbiased, non-contaminating procedures will be required to retrieve the requisite air, biota, sediment, rock, ice and water samples. Sustained year-round access to Antarctica and the Southern Ocean will be essential to increase winter-time measurements. Improved models are needed that represent Antarctica and the Southern Ocean in the Earth System, and provide predictions at spatial and temporal resolutions useful for decision making. A co-ordinated portfolio of cross-disciplinary science, based on new models of international collaboration, will be essential as no scientist, programme or nation can realize these aspirations alone.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Antarctic science, Southern Ocean science, climate system
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience
Research Field:Glaciology
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Effects of Climate Change and Variability on Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Environments (excl. Social Impacts)
Author:Massom, R (Dr Robert Massom)
Author:Rintoul, SR (Dr Steve Rintoul)
Author:Allison, I (Dr Ian Allison)
Author:Hosie, G (Dr Graham Hosie)
ID Code:100441
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:23
Deposited By:CRC-Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems
Deposited On:2015-05-15
Last Modified:2016-05-02
Downloads:127 View Download Statistics

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