eCite Digital Repository

Renin-angiotensin system blockade therapy after surgical aortic valve replacement for severe aortic stenosis: a cohort study

Citation

Goel, SS and Aksoy, O and Gupta, S and Houghtaling, PL and Tuzcu, EM and Marwick, TH and Mihaljevic, T and Svensson, L and Blackstone, EH and Griffin, BP and Stewart, WJ and Barzilai, B and Menon, V and Kapadia, SR, Renin-angiotensin system blockade therapy after surgical aortic valve replacement for severe aortic stenosis: a cohort study, Annals of Internal Medicine, 161, (10) pp. 699-710. ISSN 0003-4819 (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 American College of Physicians

DOI: doi:10.7326/M13-1505

Abstract

Background: Data are lacking on the effect of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockade therapy with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin-receptor blockers after surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) for severe aortic stenosis (AS).

Objective: To investigate the association between RAS blockade therapy and outcomes after SAVR for severe AS.

Design: Retrospective study.

Setting: Single tertiary referral care center.

Patients: Patients who were prescribed angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin-receptor blockers after SAVR for severe AS between 1991 and 2010 who had at least 2 refills 90 days apart and at least a 6-month follow-up constituted the RAS blockade group (n = 741). Patients who did not receive these prescriptions were in the untreated group (n = 1011). Unadjusted and propensity-matched analyses (594 matched pairs of treated and untreated patients) were performed.

Measurements: The primary outcome was survival rates after SAVR. Secondary end points were changes in left ventricular mass index, left ventricular ejection fraction, and left atrial size.

Results: Overall unadjusted estimated survival rates at 1, 5, and 10 years were significantly greater in the RAS blockade group than in the non–RAS blockade group (99%, 90%, and 60% vs. 99%, 81%, and 53%, respectively; P < 0.001). Among propensity-matched patients, estimated survival rates at 1, 5, and 10 years remained significantly greater in the RAS blockade group than in the non–RAS blockade group (99%, 90%, and 71% vs. 96%, 78%, and 49%, respectively; P < 0.001). For the matched cohorts, the groups did not significantly differ in the change in left ventricular mass index (P = 0.37), left ventricular ejection fraction (P = 0.67), or left atrial size (P = 0.43) after SAVR on echocardiographic analysis.

Limitation: Retrospective, single-center analysis.

Conclusion: Renin-angiotensin system blockade therapy is associated with increased survival rates in patients after SAVR for severe AS. A randomized trial of RAS blockade therapy after SAVR should be considered.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
Research Field:Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Cardiovascular System and Diseases
Author:Marwick, TH (Professor Tom Marwick)
ID Code:100395
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2015-05-14
Last Modified:2015-08-27
Downloads:0

Repository Staff Only: item control page