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Analysis of melamine in milk powder and liquid milk by capillary zone electrophoresis after electrokinetic supercharging

Citation

Lu, Y and Wang, D and Kong, C and Jia, C and Breadmore, MC, Analysis of melamine in milk powder and liquid milk by capillary zone electrophoresis after electrokinetic supercharging, Food Analytical Methods, 8, (5) pp. 1356-1362. ISSN 1936-9751 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York

DOI: doi:10.1007/s12161-014-9987-3

Abstract

A method was developed to determine melamine in milk powder and liquid milk by capillary zone electrophoresis after electrokinetic supercharging. The effects of buffer acidity and concentration, the type and length of leader and terminator electrolytes, injection time and matrix effects were investigated. The optimum background electrolyte was 50 mM sodium citrate-citric acid (pH 4.5), hydrodynamic injection of 50 mM sodium chloride (24 s, 0.5 psi) as leader, electrokinetic injection of the sample (100 s, 10 kV), hydrodynamic injection of 50 mM tetrabutylammonium bromide (18 s, 0.5 psi) as terminator and then a voltage of 25 kV for separation (+25 kV). Under these conditions, the sensitivity was enhanced 2285 times when compared to a normal hydrodynamic injection with the sample volume <3 % of the capillary volume. The detection limit for melamine with this electrokinetic supercharging (EKS) system is 0.7 ng/mL. The developed method was verified by analysing milk powder and liquid milk samples, and the recovery was 29.8 and 42.1 %, respectively.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:food, capillary zone electrophoresis, electrokinetic supercharging, milk powder, liquid milk
Research Division:Chemical Sciences
Research Group:Analytical Chemistry
Research Field:Separation Science
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences
Author:Breadmore, MC (Professor Michael Breadmore)
ID Code:100262
Year Published:2015
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (FT130100101)
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Chemistry
Deposited On:2015-05-08
Last Modified:2016-05-17
Downloads:0

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