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Age difference in efficiency of locomotion and maximal power output in well-trained triathletes


Brisswalter, J and Wu, SX and Sultana, F and Bernard, T and Abbiss, CR, Age difference in efficiency of locomotion and maximal power output in well-trained triathletes, European Journal of Applied Physiology, 114, (12) pp. 2579-86. ISSN 1439-6319 (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

DOI: doi:10.1007/s00421-014-2977-8


PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the influence of age on cycling efficiency and sprint power output in well-trained endurance masters athletes.

METHODS: The investigation was conducted on 60 healthy well-trained triathletes separated into six separate groups (n = 10) depending on age: 20-29 years old; 30-39 years old; 40-49 years old; 50-59 years old; 60-69 years old; 70 years old. Each participant attended the laboratory on three separate occasions to perform (1) an incremental cycling test, (2) maximal peak sprint power test, involving three 5-s sprint efforts (3) and a 10-min sub-maximal cycling test for determination of cycling efficiency.

RESULTS: Cycling efficiency decreased beyond 50 years (50-59 years compared with 20-29 years: -7.3 1.8%; p < 0.05) and continued to decrease beyond 60 years (60-69 years compared with 50-59 years: -10.7 2.4%; p < 0.05), no further decrease was observed after 70 years. A continuous impairment in maximal sprint power output was observed after the age of 50 years leading to an overall decrease of 36% between 20-29 years and >70 years. Significant positive relationships were observed between maximal sprint power output and both cycling efficiency (r(2) = 0.64, p < 0.05) and maximal aerobic power (r(2) = 0.42 and p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: The present data indicates a significant effect of ageing on cycling efficiency and maximal sprint power output after 50 years and a significant relationship was found between these two parameters.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:ageing, maximal sprint power output, cycling efficiency, muscle power, master athlete, aerobic capacity
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Sports science and exercise
Research Field:Exercise physiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health)
Objective Field:Health related to ageing
UTAS Author:Wu, SX (Dr Sam Wu)
ID Code:100131
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:9
Deposited By:Health Sciences B
Deposited On:2015-05-04
Last Modified:2015-08-18

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