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Interannual variation of the Antarctic Ice Sheet from a combined analysis of satellite gravimetry and altimetry data

Citation

Memin, A and Flament, T and Alizier, B and Watson, C and Remy, F, Interannual variation of the Antarctic Ice Sheet from a combined analysis of satellite gravimetry and altimetry data, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 422 pp. 150-156. ISSN 0012-821X (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2015.03.045

Abstract

Assessment of the long term mass balance of the Antarctic Ice Sheet, and thus the determination of its contribution to sea level rise,requires an understanding of interannual variability and associated causal mechanisms. We performed a combined analysis of surface-mass and elevation changes using data from the GRACE and Envisat satellite missions, respectively. Using empirical orthogonal functions and singular value decompositions of each data set, we find a quasi 4.7-yrperiodic signal between 08/2002 and 10/2010 that accounts for ∼1530%of the time variability of the filtered and detrended surface-mass and elevation data. Computation of the density of this variable mass load corresponds to snow or uncompacted firn. Changes reach maximum amplitude within the first 100 km from the coast where it contributes up to 3035% of the annual rate of accumulation. Extending the analysis to 09/2014 using surface-mass changes only, we have found anomalies with a periodicity of about 46yrsthat circle the AIS in about 910 yrs. These properties connect the observed anomalies to the Antarctic Circumpolar Wave (ACW) which is known to affect several key climate variables, including precipitation. It suggests that variability in the surface-mass balance of the Antarctic Ice Sheetmay also be modulated by the ACW.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:altimetry, GRACE, Antarctic variability, sea level
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Geomatic Engineering
Research Field:Geodesy
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences
Author:Memin, A (Mr Anthony Memin)
Author:Alizier, B (Mr Benoit Alizier)
Author:Watson, C (Dr Christopher Watson)
ID Code:100091
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:Geography and Environmental Studies
Deposited On:2015-04-30
Last Modified:2016-05-26
Downloads:0

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