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Factors influencing the preparation of hollow polymer-graphene oxide microcapsules via Pickering miniemulsion polymerization


Teo, GH and Ng, YH and Zetterlund, PB and Thickett, SC, Factors influencing the preparation of hollow polymer-graphene oxide microcapsules via Pickering miniemulsion polymerization, Polymer, 63 pp. 1-9. ISSN 0032-3861 (2015) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2015 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.polymer.2015.02.035


The synthesis of hollow, cross-linked polymer particles (‘capsules’) via Pickering miniemulsion polymerization using graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets as sole surfactant is reported. The influence of monomer, cross-linker and initiator type was studied, in addition to hydrophobe loading and initiator concentration. The desired hollow capsule morphology was shown to be strongly dependent on the choice of cross-linker; an aromatic crosslinker (divinylbenzene) consistently yielded hollow structures as determined by transmission electron microscopy, whereas ethylene glycol dimethacrylate typically resulted in polymer particles with a solid core. The use of an aromatic monomer with high propagation rate coefficient (benzyl methacrylate) and a strongly oil-soluble initiator, lauroyl peroxide, resulted in capsule synthesis with very high conversion (>85%) after 6 h. Surface area and pore analysis of the capsules established that while the capsules possessed a hollow interior, the shell was essentially non-porous. The potential of these materials towards novel nanocarbon-based materials was demonstrated via the preservation of colloidal stability and particle morphology after chemical reduction of GO, in addition to successful encapsulation of hydrophobic nanoparticles within the capsule core.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:colloids, graphene oxide, nanoparticles, hollow capsules, hollow particles, miniemulsion polymerization
Research Division:Chemical Sciences
Research Group:Physical chemistry
Research Field:Colloid and surface chemistry
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the chemical sciences
UTAS Author:Thickett, SC (Associate Professor Stuart Thickett)
ID Code:100081
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:39
Deposited By:Chemistry
Deposited On:2015-04-30
Last Modified:2017-10-24

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